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Karai is a term that means the limited volume and number of times water and fertilizer are given to trees, especially bonsai. It is a technique to control the growth and shape of the bonsai by creating a balance between the nutrients and the water in the soil. Karai is also related to the concept of "wabi-sabi", which is the aesthetic appreciation of imperfection and transience in nature. By applying karai, bonsai artists can create a miniature representation of the natural beauty and harmony of trees.

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