The term "Shimpaku" refers to a variety of juniper tree (Juniperus chinensis) that is native to Japan and some parts of Asia. It is highly valued as a bonsai material because of its attractive foliage, beautiful bark, and hard resinous wood. The foliage is needle-like on young trees and scale-like on older trees, and the bark has a reddish color that contrasts with the white deadwood. Shimpaku junipers grow best in rocky, well-drained soils near the sea, and they can tolerate various weather conditions. They require regular pruning, wiring, and deadwood work to create a natural and elegant appearance that reflects the harshness of nature and the perseverance of life.