Mezame is a Japanese term that means "awakening" or "emergence". In relation to bonsai, it refers to the process of bringing a dormant tree back to life after a period of cold or dry conditions. Mezame is usually done in early spring, when the buds start to swell and the sap begins to flow. Mezame involves gradually exposing the tree to more light, water and fertilizer, as well as pruning and wiring if needed. Mezame is important for the health and vigor of the bonsai, as well as for preparing it for the flowering season.