The Japanese word "Goyomatsu" means Japanese white pine or Japanese five needle pine. It is a type of evergreen tree that has five short needles in each cluster, giving it a voluminous appearance. Goyomatsu bonsai is highly valued for its graceful form that embodies softness and feminine suppleness, and it is sometimes called the "Queen of Bonsai". It is also a symbol of longevity and an auspicious gift. Goyomatsu bonsai requires well-drained soil, sufficient sunlight and good ventilation. There are different varieties of Goyomatsu bonsai, such as Shikoku goyo, Yatsufusa, Kokonoe and Zuisho, each with its own characteristics and preferences.