The literati or bunjin "bunjingi" style of bonsai trees is a style that reflects the artistic spirit of the Chinese scholars who practiced painting, poetry, and calligraphy. The style is characterized by a long, slender, and often twisted trunk with minimal branches and foliage. The trunk may have exposed roots or deadwood to show the struggle and age of the tree. The branches are usually placed higher up on the trunk and arranged in an asymmetrical way. The style aims to create a simple and elegant image that evokes a sense of tranquility and natural beauty. The literati style is often used for conifers, such as pines, junipers, and spruces, but it can also be applied to deciduous trees, such as beeches and ficuses.